The Advisory Office of MOE initiated the Phase I of ¡§Biotechnology Education Improvement Program¡¨ in 1998 to assist the biotechnology personnel training in the universities nationwide. The Phase I program was organized and led by Dr. Hsien-Yi Sung, Advisor of MOE and then Professor of the Department of Agricultural Chemistry, National Taiwan University . The major tasks included (1) promoting the inter-college integration and corporation and establishing ¡§the core courses and labs of biotechnology¡¨; and (2) integrating the resources within each university to setup the Biotechnology Program. The goal is to train the biotechnology personnel and prevail the biotechnology education.

To match the new trend of biotechnology in the 21th Century, the Advisory Office of MOE continues to promote the Phase II of ¡§Biotechnology Education Improvement Program¡¨ which was coordinated by Dr. Jong-Yao Lin, the Fellow Member of the Academia Sinica and Professor of the Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in 2001. With the solid basis of the Phase I, the Phase II program continues another four-year ¡§Biotechnology Education Improvement Program¡¨. The Phase II program emphasizes on:

•  The training of high ranking personnel and the interaction with industries.

•  Integration of agriculture, opto-electron, chemical engineering, mechanics, management, law, business and information etc. to train modern biotechnology personnel.

•  Integration to develop local characteristics.

•  Establishment of Biotechnology Promotion Centers in northern, middle and southern Taiwan and cooperation with the industries to train the personnel with high and middle techniques.

•  Collaboration between academia and industry as well as even value of techniques and theory to strengthen the personnel training.

Six Biotechnology Education Centers (BEC) have been funded, including (1) Animal Gene Transformation and Vaccine Development Technology, coordinated by the Department of Animal Science, National Chung-Hsing University; (2) Plant Biotechnology, coordinated by the Biotechnology Center , National Chung-Hsing University; (3) Genomic Medicine, coordinated by the Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Taiwan University; (4) Chinese Material and Herb Medicine Industrial Techniques, coordinated by the School of Pharmacy, National Taiwan University; (5) Molecular Diagnosis Biotechnology, coordinated by the Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, National Cheng-Kung University; and (6) Bioinformatics, coordinated by the Institute of Bioinformatics , National Yang-Ming University . In addition to these six BECs, the continuous education in biotechnology for the teachers of junior and senior high schools is also the focus of the Phase II program.

As the development of genomic and proteomic medicines, the rising of biomedical engineering, biooptoelctronics and nanotechnology, as well as the improvement of human disease therapy using stem cells, the personnel training in interdisciplinary and advanced biotechnology has been regarded as the most crucial point in the 21th century biotechnology competition. To ensure the superiority of human resources in the 21th century biotechnology competition, the Advisory Office of MOE continues to promote the Phase III program ¡§Advanced Biotechnology Education Program¡¨ on the existent achievement of the Phase I and II programs in 2004. The ¡§Advanced Biotechnology Education Program¡¨ is led by Dr. Jen-Leih Wu, Advisor of MOE and Research Fellow, Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica.