Biotechnology, using the living organisms to carry out defined chemical processes for industria, agricultural, environmental and biomedical applications, has been regarded as the most promising field of technology development since the late 20th century. As the completion of human genome project in 2003 and the genome decoding of many animals, plants and microorganisms, biotechnology has entered a brand new post-genomic era. Biotechnology is not only recognized as one of the most important and significant global industries of the future, but also as a technology that will have great influence on the quality of life for us all. Facing the problem of aging in many developed countries and the global frighten of SARS and bird-to-human influenza, the medical and healthcare-related biotechnology has become the mainstream of the governmental policy worldwide. To catch this new wave of post-genomic biotechnology, it requires the synergism of advanced, multidisciplinary and integrated technology to enhance the biotechnology industry and to promote the economic growth.